General Information

Submission will be done online through the PAO Annual Meeting website. Early Bird registration is a pre-requisite prior submission of abstract paper online. Deadline for the submission of abstracts for the 2017 PAO Congress will be on September 16, 2017 (Saturday),  5:00 PM (Philippine Standard Time). The electronic stamp of the website will be used as the basis for determining the time and date of submission.

The Research Committee will decide acceptance or non-acceptance. Notification of acceptance will be through email. The PAO reserves the right to decide the manner of presentation of free papers (Oral Presentation or ePoster Presentation).



Basic Paper Category: (to be presented and judged on December 4, 2017, Day 0)
A study will be categorized as a Basic Paper if it relates to basic knowledge/information in Ophthalmology. These include studies on the following:

  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Genetics
  • Animal studies
  • Cell Studies Epidemiological studies
  • In vitro studies

     *The top SEVEN Basic papers will be chosen to for oral presentation during annual PAO meeting.

Clinical Paper Category: (to be presented and judged on December 4, 2017, Day 0)
A study will be categorized as a Clinical Paper if it involves human subjects and relates to diagnosis, management and prognosis of ophthalmic diseases. These include the following:

  • Interventional studies
  • Randomized controlled trials
  • Case Control studies

     *The top SEVEN Clinical papers will be chosen to for oral presentation during annual PAO meeting.

Technical Paper Category: (to be presented and judged on December 4, 2017, Day 0)
A study will be categorized as a Technical Paper if it relates to the following:

  • New or Innovative surgical techniques
  • Variations of a standard surgical technique
  • New instrumentations
  • New applications of traditional instruments
  • New materials

     *The top SEVEN Technical papers will be chosen to for oral presentation during annual PAO meeting.

Healthcare Management / Public Health (to be presented and judged on December 4,2017, Day 0)
A study will be categorized as Healthcare management /Public health if it relates to the ff:

  • Public Health Programs
  • Social Epidemiology
  • Preventive care
  • Occupational safety
  • Health human services
  • Evidenced based practice
  • Clinical Integration

     *The top SEVEN Healthcare Management / Public Health papers will be chosen to for oral presentation during annual PAO meeting.

Board of Judges
The Chairman of the Residents Research Paper Contest will appoint 3 Board of Judges for each category -- Basic, Clinical, Technical Categories, and Healthcare Management / Public Health. The Board of Judges will be composed of one Head Judge and two members for each category. The Head Judges should be ophthalmologists with a background in research or academics or evidence-based medicine. Members may or may not be ophthalmologists, but should be “scientists” with a background in research or academics.

Accepted manuscripts will undergo pre-judging by the respective set of judges.  The top SEVEN papers of each category will be chosen for oral presentation during the PAO annual meeting. Authors of the top papers will be informed ten days before the day of presentation.

All papers, Basic, Clinical, Technical, Healthcare Management / Public Health are for oral presentation. There will be no poster presentations.

All research paper entries will be required to submit a hard and digital copy of the manuscript for submission to the PJO for possible publication.

III. Deductions :

1. A 5% deduction will be given to papers whose RRPC manuscripts or slides bear any identities of the authors or institutions (including logos and acronyms).

2. When a presenter goes beyond the allotted time of 8 minutes, a 5% deduction from the total score will be given for every minute over the allotted time.   

The Board of Judges shall grade the written report prior to the actual presentation (85%). Oral presentation shall be judged, including questions and answers (15%) during the annual convention. The 1st, 2nd, and 3rd place winners will be based on the mean ranking of the judges for each category.

Three awards will be given for the Basic, Clinical , Technical Papers and Healthcar Management / Public Health categories. The first placers will have their names & institutions engraved on the PAO Research Cup. The PAO Research Cup will be kept by the winning institution for a duration of 1 year. The PAO Research Cup will be passed on to the winners of the succeeding year/s.

The decision of the Board of Judges is final.


The time limit for all entries to the Residents Research Paper Contest is eight (8) minutes, with four (4) minutes for question and answer portion (Q&A). Names of Authors and Institutions must not appear in the LCD, slide, or video presentations.

Facilities for single LCD projection will be available. Preferably, your presentation should be loaded in the PAO laptop before the start of the contest.  Personal laptops or notebook computers may be used although not encouraged as this may cause delays.  For personal laptops, presenters will hook up their laptops to the LCD during the Q&A session of the previous presenter so as to minimize delays.  

Participants must be present 1 hour prior to the start of the program to load their presentations or test their equipment hook ups.



The Scientific Program Committee of the PAO Annual Meeting for 2017 is currently accepting abstracts for submission in the following categories:
    Scientific Paper
    Scientific Poster

In addition to the comprehensive program being crafted featuring local and foreign experts in their fields, your submitted abstracts will be considered for inclusion in the final scientific program. The Scientific Program Committee reserves the right to accept, reject, and change the categories of abstracts submitted for presentation as it deems appropriate.

Submission of Abstracts: September 16, 2017 (Saturday) 5:00 PM (Philippine Standard Time).

Deadline of Submission of Abstracts: MM-DD-YYYY, Saturday at 5:00 PM

Authors will be notified of selection of abstracts by e-mail whether they are accepted for poster, oral presentation or video presentation.


1. Abstracts may only be submitted online. Authors need not be registered to submit abstracts but must be registered during the early bird registration period to be able to present their papers, whether it be as an oral presentation, poster presentation, or video. The deadline for submission will be strictly followed. Past this deadline, no abstracts will be accepted.

2. Presenters will be notified by the PAO of the status of their abstracts. Submission of an abstract constitutes a commitment by the author/s to present if selected for the Final Program

3. All presenters are required to pre-register for the meeting (see Registration Guidelines) and pay all applicable fees PRIOR to paper presentation and inclusion into the Final Program. This may be accomplished as soon as notification is received by the author/s. Last day for Early Bird Registration is August 18, 2017 (Friday).

4. All authors/presenters are required to register their personal information details (even without paying yet) in order to submit their abstracts online. Authors/Presenters are advised to make sure that the same email address and password are used, both for submitting their abstracts and for completing/paying for their registration online.


• Cataract and Refractive Surgery
• Glaucoma
• Oculoplastics and Orbit
• Retina and Vitreous
• External Disease, Cornea and Eye Banking
• Neuro-ophthalmology
• Motility-Pediatric Ophthalmology
• Ocular Inflammation
• Public Health/Preventive Ophthalmology
• Evidence-Based Ophthalmology
• Ocular Pathology and Oncology
• Optics and Refraction - Contact Lens
• Low Vision


1. Abstracts must be in English.

2. Abstracts will be reproduced exactly as submitted. Edit your abstract to avoid errors and misspellings. Your abstract may be rejected for publication if it is not comprehensible.

3. Please check the appropriate boxes on the side and fill in all blanks at the bottom. Ensure that the abstract form is completely filled out before submission.

4. Title : CAPITALIZE the entire title within the area provided. It should be informative, concise, meaningful, as brief as possible and no longer than 135 characters.

5. Author/s : Give the full name of every author, including degrees, but omit titles or institutional appointments. Presenting author's name should be mentioned first.

6. Institution/s : Indicate the name and address of the institution/s where the research work was carried out.

7. Text : Abstracts should contain adequate and pertinent information describing the contents of the scientific paper. The text must not exceed 250 words and should be arranged in the following format:

8. Abbreviations, acronyms and symbols should be defined the first time they are used. Place the abbreviation in parentheses after the full word.

9. Use generic names of drugs.

10. Proprietary and/or financial interests in any products (or competing products) described in the abstract must be disclosed.


Case Reports/Series:


Leila I. Kump, MD, Ian Paredes, MD, C. Stephen Foster, MD
Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School,
Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Objective: To describe the course of ocular toxoplasmosis during pregnancy.

Methods: This is a retrospective, non-comparative case series of four pregnant women who were treated for ocular toxoplasmosis during pregnancy.

Results: All of the participants had violent and treatment-resistant toxoplasma retinochoroiditis during pregnancy, leaving three of them with decreased visual acuity in spite of aggressive therapy. Termination of pregnancy appeared to help in the recovery in two patients.

Conclusion: Pregnant state may provoke the recurrence of ocular toxoplasmosis.

Submissions other than Case Reports/Series


Ma. Margarita L. Lat-Luna, MD, Paul I Guerrero, MD, John Vincent Policarpio D. Flores, MD, MS Epi
University of the Philippines - Philippine General Hospital, Manila, Philippines

Objective: This study aims to determine the distribution of central corneal thickness (CCT) among Filipinos and to correlate CCT with intraocular pressure (IOP).

Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was performed. Filipino patients consulting at the Ophthalmology General Clinic of the Philippine General Hospital were examined for CCT using an ultrasonic pachymeter and IOP using a Goldmann applanation tonometer.

Results: Two hundred twenty two eyes of 112 patients were included in the study. CCT ranged from 451.0 microns to 653.6 microns with a mean of 531.5 microns +/- 33.8 microns. There was a significant linear correlation between CCT and IOP (r=0.63). The IOP was noted to rise by 4.3 mmHg/100 microns CCT.

Conclusion: The findings of the study show that the CCT among Filipinos is normally distributed and is comparable to the distribution obtained by meta-analysis of worldwide data. The study also found a direct correlation between CCT and IOP.

Title / Author / Institution format (if 2 or more institutions are involved):


Patricia M. Khu MD, MS (1,3), Joseph Anthony J. Tumbocon, MD (2,3), Jose Ma. G. Martinez, MD (4), Jesus Altuna, MD (4)

(1) Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of the Philippines - Philippine General Hospital, Manila, Philippines

(2) Institute of Ophthalmology, St. Luke's Medical Center, Quezon City, Philippines

(3) Department of Ophthalmology, Cardinal Santos Medical Center San Juan, Metro Manila, Philippines

(4) Department of Ophthalmology, East Avenue Medical Center, Quezon City, Philippines